Free ↠ Four Princes Henry VIII Francis I Charles V Suleiman the Magnificent and the Obsessions that Forged Modern Europe By John Julius Norwich – serv3.3pub.co.uk

Free ↠ Four Princes Henry VIII Francis I Charles V Suleiman the Magnificent and the Obsessions that Forged Modern Europe By John Julius Norwich – serv3.3pub.co.uk [PDF / Epub] ☁ Four Princes Henry VIII Francis I Charles V Suleiman the Magnificent and the Obsessions that Forged Modern Europe Author John Julius Norwich – Serv3.3pub.co.uk Four great princes were born within a single decade Henry VIII of England Francis I of France Charles V of Spain and Suleiman the Magnificent They were very different Francis bursting with energy and Four great princes were born within a Henry VIII PDF/EPUB å single decade Henry VIII of England Francis I of France Charles V of Spain and Suleiman the Magnificent They were very different Francis bursting with energy and swagger was known as le roi grand nez; whereas Suleimans' victorious pyramid of Hungarian skulls left Europe aghast Henry infamous for his six wives changed England than any other Four Princes eBook ☆ king in history; whilst Charles V most powerful of the four ended up swapping his crown for a monastery In this book John Julius Norwich vividly shows how their wary obsession with each other laid the foundations for our modern world Full of memorable stories and with a cast list ranging from Leonardo da Vinci to Joanna the Mad Four Princes offers the perfect introduction Princes Henry VIII PDF/EPUB ½ to History's most turbulent and interesting century.


10 thoughts on “Four Princes Henry VIII Francis I Charles V Suleiman the Magnificent and the Obsessions that Forged Modern Europe

  1. David David says:

    Reading history by historians who have ceased to give a damn is a great simple pleasureBy ceased to give a damn I mean as in this case the historian has achieved sufficient age dignity and renown that he is free to tell a good story about stuff that interests him without the tedious bowing and scraping to established opinion and other historians which often drags down other histories Norwich knows a lot of cool stuff and enjoys knowing it and he invites you to know it and enjoy it tooI found Norwich’s hard earned indifference to convention most happily on display in the footnotes when for example he refuses to discard the word he has been using for decades to characterize for a particular ethnic group Tartars in favor of a newly adopted variant Tatars because “it is too late to change now” Kindle location 494 of galley proofSimilarly he throws up his hands at the reuirement that he euate prices paid in the 1500 with modern currencies “It's no good even trying to give modern euivalents he admits location 182 While I admit that I am the sort of history reader who likes to know approximately how much 200000 livres tournois would be today I appreciate the honesty of a historian who will plainly say I'm not going there rather than just ignoring the issue and hoping we won't noticeI'll admit to a lamentable failure of breeding when I arrived at one footnote location 1510 which reuired that I know the difference between a Maruess and a Marchioness In case your colonial education was as woefully inadeuate as mine there’s an explanation hereOh yeah and the part of the book that was NOT footnotes was also excellent a ripping good story laced with irreverent attitude Fun to read and also much needed evidence that the times we live in through no fault of our own might NOT be the most screwed up era on the planet At least so farI received an advance review galley copy for free from Atlantic Monthly Press via Netgalley Thanks to all for their generosity


  2. Lyn Elliott Lyn Elliott says:

    This fascinating book takes an umbrella view of the combined influences of four powerful rulers of the first half of the sixteenth century Henry VIII of England Francois I of France Charles V Holy Roman Emperor and Suleiman the Magnificent Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Between them they ruled all most of Western Europe and many of the lands between Austria and Turkey A fifth powerful figure the Pope is not included in the title but is there as a crucial player in the continuing jostling for power across EuropeNorwich described this period like this ‘Here packed into the space of just fifty years are the High Renaissance Luther and the Reformation the exploration of the Americas the panoply and pageantry exemplified by the Field of the Cloth of Gold and above all those four magnificent memorable monarchs – each of whom individually left his imprint on the land he rules and who together transformed the civilised world’p 267Charles as Holy Roman Emperor was the protector of Christendom to whom the Ottoman Sultan represented the Antichrist As a young man he had ‘dreamed of a glorious pan European Crusade that would drive the infidels back to the Asiatic steppe from which they had come allowing Constantinople once again to take its place as a Christian capital’ Later he accepted that this could never happen but could never forgive Francis his brother in law for his alliances with Suleiman whose armies encroached ever further in Hapsburg territories in Eastern Europe arriving at the walls of Vienna itself before finally turning back eastwards in 1532Francis in turn felt hemmed in by the empire Spain Germany the Low Countries and Austria He needed an ally against it and at various stages looked to the Pope and to the Sultan even combining with the Ottomans to capture Nice from Savoy during the ongoing bitter wars between France and the Holy Roman Emperor during which time France and the Empire both invaded Italy each held captive competing popes and Rome was sacked by Imperial troops for which Charles apologisedThe Reformation in England was spurred by Henry VIII’s desire to divorce his ueen Katherine of Aragon a niece of the Emperor who strongly supported her case with the pope This dispute ended up with Henry cutting ties with the Papacy and declaring himself head of the Church in England – an incredible act at the time given that the Popes claimed supreme authority from god and therefore the right to command kings as well as churchmen So this period is marked by conflict between Protestant and Catholic Christianity; the Pope and the monarchs; and Christian Europe against the Muslim Ottomans Norwich notes incidentally that Suleiman while a pious Muslim was much tolerant of the beliefs of others than any of the European kings The divisions within Christianity were reflected in different views of who should exercise power and how it should be exercised Wikipedia dates wars arising out of the Reformation to 1524 the German Peasants War and they tormented the continent for well over a hundred years culminating in the terrible Thirty Years War and the English Civil War Norwich’s writing is always a delight He wears his erudition lightly his prose flows easily almost casually at times No mean feat in dealing with this subject matter but then he has Byzantium Venice Sicily and the Mediterranean already behind himI've tried to paste in some images but that didn't work so here are a couple of linksThe Field of the Cloth of Gold Roman Empire Wars of Religion


  3. K.J. Charles K.J. Charles says:

    I don't know why I keep reading John Julius Norwich books I like his breezy style and the overviews but he's completely unreliable Or to put it another way he far prefers the cool stories and wonderful gossip of history to the boring minutiae of dates and facts and stuff that actually happened This is of course why I keep reading him It's funI was going to say I wish my job was just randomly making up stuff and publishing it but then I remembered I'm a romance novelist On the other hand I don't shelve as non fiction


  4. Ruby Ruby says:

    Terrible I don't know enough about Francis I and Charles V to comment their parts but Henry VIII's and Suleyman I's are full of inaccuracies Moreover the women are treated awfully in this book Anne Boleyn is presented as rude and hated by everybody by Henry as well The author blames Anne for anything bad that Henry did like forbidding Mary to visit her mother He also says that we will never know for certain if Anne was really guilty of adultery and that it may well be that she slept with one or of them simply in the hopes of having the son that she felt she could no longer expect from her husband Except for the fact that Anne and the accused men were recorded to be in different places on the dates of the alleged adultery Another woman treated awfully by Norwich is Hürrem Sultan Suleyman I's wife She is described as being the one behind Grand Vizier Ibrahim's assassination which is completely wrong since Ibrahim was executed on Suleyman's orders inside Topkapi Palace and not in his palace where Norwich says that the blood stains were visible for three years because she coveted his position for her son in law Rüstem Pasha too bad that Rüstem wasn't her son in law in 1636 as he married Mihrimah Sultan only in 1639 Plus it would take him years to finally become Grand Vizier Of course she is also blamed for Mustafa's death because why not but especially for his young son Murad's? First of all Mustafa's young son was called Mehmed Murad was Selim's son and secondly Mehmed was executed because the sons of executed princes were executed too So it wasn't Hürrem Sultan who ordered his execution but Suleyman She couldn't have ordered someone's execution she didn't have that powerLaslty the portrayal of Suleyman's heir Selim II is just terrible and full of clichés He is blamed for convincing Suleyman that his brother Bayezid was a traitor when Bayezid himself had done everything to look like a traitor first he disobeyed his father then he complained about his father's orders and lastly he fled to the Safavid Shah's court Suleyman's enemy But Norwich doesn't care and muses How one wonders could the Sultan normally so far sighted and so shrewd have twice allowed himself to be persuaded – the first time by his wife the second time by one of his children – to destroy the two ablest of his sons and indeed the only two who might have shown themselves to be worthy successors to himself?While I agree that Mustafa was definitely a warrior and a good general Bayezid wasn't He is described as interested in books only and not being a warrior at all All Hurrem's sons it seems were not interested in being warriorsSelim II according to Norwich is also the worst sultan by far How could he – so deliberately so consciously – have arranged matters in such a way as to ensure that after his death that Empire would pass to a drunken debauchee of all the thirty six Ottoman sultans by far the worst? even though the Ottomans had deranged sultans ineffectual sultans and sultans who committed genocides All Selim II did was lose the battle of Lepanto which wasn't even that important in the great scheme of thingsFinally he concludes with while Suleiman could – and should – have been succeeded by his son Mustafa who possessed all his father’s ualities and who would surely have led the Empire on to further triumphs his eventual successor – Selim II always known for very good reason as ‘the Sot’ – was to prove the nadir of the Ottoman line With him the demoralisation of their once formidable Empire was well under way as was its long slow but steady declinewhich is only the last of the clichés he presents in his books This view that Selim II's reign started the decline of the Ottoman Empire has long been disproved by numerous historians Also Selim II was called the Sot by Europeans; his subjects called him the Blonde and he was actually appreciated for his pleasant nature he was also famous for loving his son dearly something very rare in the Ottoman Dynasty since a son was perceived as a threat to his father's ruleIn conclusion I would never recommend this book The premise looked interesting enough four great kings' lives intertwined in one book but there are too many mistakes and inaccuracies to appreciate it and the treatment of the women is just despicable


  5. TBV TBV says:

    “Francis Henry Charles Suleiman here are our four princes Individually they could hardly have been different; together they dominated the world stage and moulded the continent of Europe None perhaps – not even Suleiman – was a truly great man; but they all possessed elements of greatness and each left a huge and indelible footprint on the land or lands over which he ruled” Henry VIII of England 1491 1547 Henry was the second monarch of the Tudor dynasty He was a scholar and theologian who spoke French Spanish and Latin But he was also very much the sportsman a superb horseman who enjoyed the hunt a tennis player and a wrestler who also participated in archery and was prepared to take on anyone in the joust He loved music and he actually composed songs and masses He also played the lute and the virginalsFrancis François I of France 1494 1547Francis belonged to the Valois dynasty He was tall muscular and he had a prominent nose which of course resulted in the nickname “le roi grand nez” However he was very popular with the ladies as he was very charming and a good conversationalist Like Henry Francis enjoyed hunting and jousting The author discusses Francis’s great love of art and that Francis brought the great Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci to France Earlier this year I read a book written by French historian Franck Ferrand “François 1er roi de chimères” in which he uestions whether this was in fact true he suggests that it was in fact Francis’s mother Louise of Savoy who was responsible for bringing the great artists to France and purchasing great works of art Be that as it may Francis had an excellent collection of art and at the time of his death his library contained over 3000 books He was a personal friend of François Rabelais for whose unforgettable giant Pantagruel he is said to have provided the inspirationSuleiman the Magnificent 1494 1566Suleiman became Sultan of the Ottoman Empire at the age of twenty five He was tall slim intelligent and cultivated He spoke Turkish Persian and Arabic and he also knew some Greek Bulgar and Hungarian A patron of the arts he was known for writing beautiful poetry However in order to obtain his position and secure it he murdered the male members of his familyCharles V Holy Roman Emperor 1500 1558Charles was born in Ghent and was of the Hapsburg dynasty He was the son of Philip the Handsome of Austria and of Joanna the Mad of Aragon and Castile Charles was King of Aragon and Castile as well as of Naples and Sardinia Subseuently he was unanimously elected Holy Roman Emperor He was not physically attractive and he was also a stammerer He was deeply religious and not as cultivated as Henry or Francis but Charles loved music He could play a variety of instruments and was said to sing beautifully He is freuently uoted as saying that he spoke French to his friends German to his horses Italian to his mistresses and Spanish to God John Julius Norwich explores the splendour policies and actions of these four powerful rulers who reigned during the first half of the sixteenth century As the title of the book indicates each of these rulers also had obsessions which drove them to act as they did Henry became obsessed with his succession He absolutely had to have sons to succeed him He also cast an eye on France Francis was obsessed with regaining land which France had lost but in particular Milan Valentina Visconti of Milan was his predecessor’s grandmother Charles being of Burgundian origin wished to restore Burgundy to its previous status It had reverted to the French Crown on the death of Charles the Bold He also saw himself as the leader of all of Christendom and he wanted to regain the Empire of the East which had been lost to the Ottomans A predecessor of Suleiman had conuered Constantinople in 1453 and Suleiman wanted to enlarge the Ottoman Empire He was a serious threat to the rulers of EuropeHaving provided a very brief overview of who these four rulers were and what motivated them I leave you to read what John Julius Norwich writes about them their policies and their actions The author provides much background and a wealth of detail some of which is very amusing such as an older and hugely obese Henry being fitted with armour to go to war and having to find a horse to carry him Many people who were important in the lives of these men are introduced but the focus throughout remains on these powerful monarchs themselves and their individual legacies The author also shows how their immediate successors were rather insignificant compared to them It is not a comprehensive history of the period but it is a very good overview of that time The book is written in an easy to read conversational manner; I was glued to it for two daysHere is a painting Wikipedia of the Field of the Cloth of Gold which was a summit held between Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France in 1520 On this occasion each did his best to outdo the other in terms of pomp and ceremony


  6. Juliew. Juliew. says:

    I really struggled with this ratingIt was a very interesting perspective of the times and was told following each monarchs life events and how they interacted with each other or notWhile I really liked the writing style there were moments I was not sure I wanted to finish it because uite a few inaccuracies kept popping upThe author lists all his sources but does not footnote them so was difficult to tell where all the misinformation was coming fromNeverthelessvery interesting idea for a book and I only had wished it was better researched as I love the idea for a behind the scenes look at these most fascinating rulers


  7. Melisende Melisende says:

    Definitely in my comfort zone here medieval history Whilst already familiar with each of the four princes Henry VIII of England Francis I of France Charles V of Spain and Suleyman the Magnificent I enjoyed the way Norwich whom I am rather partial too links these contemporaries togetherFor all four men were contemporaries ruling four powerful European empires England France Spain Imperial Empire and Constantinople And Norwich himself writes the four of them together held Europe in the hollow of their hands We begin c1500 and are taken up to the death of Suleyman c1566 the last of the four Their stories are often intertwined as they were at times often allies and fierce rivals or bothFor those familiar with the period it is a concise read For those unfamiliar it will be an eye opener


  8. Samantha Samantha says:

    This overview of four powerful leaders of the 16th century reads like a blog In some ways that is nice It is easy to read and doesn't get into too many details On the other hand it also includes opinions and outright errors Despite the fact that this is supposed to be about four men it felt like it focused on Henry VIII in much greater length


  9. Orsolya Orsolya says:

    The early years of sixteenth century Europe were dominated by key players Henry VIII of England Francis I of France and Charles V of Spain Lesser known in Western Europe but certainly not less of a tour de force was Suleiman the Magnificent of the Ottoman Turks These massive figures tugged and pulled at each other constantly influencing affairs John Julius Norwich takes an uncharacteristic approach to historical biography by mainly focusing on this interplay in “Four Princes Henry VIII Francis I Charles V Suleiman the Magnificent and the Obsessions that Forged Modern Europe” Norwich prefaces “Four Princes” explaining that his work takes a pop history angle without staunch academic spheres and admittedly contains errors and inconsistencies Well it is safe to say that Norwich – unfortunately speaks the truth “Four Princes” is a light piece which is suited for those new to the topic as it eschews heavy verbiage or content Norwich introduces the figures involved but immediately confuses with his aim and thesis The pages are cluttered and without direction which results in information being difficult to decipher or retain “Four Princes” also suffers from issues with cohesiveness tending to jump back and forth with information often repeating facts and skipping in chronology This adds to the jumbled writing style On the other hand this ‘loose’ method makes “Four Princes” easy to read and fast in pace The major downfall of “Four Princes” is the absence of any new or compelling information regarding the figures All of the content is generally a rough summary and glossed over However the focus on Suleiman is appealing in the respect that this mighty figure is often only mentioned in the background of Western European history even though his hand played a part Norwich spends an even ratio of text on each figure even if he didn’t mean to do so and logically attempts to display the relationships and causations between themNorwich is guilty of biases sadly which he certainly doesn’t attempt to hide Many of these declarations are without any credibility or solid source material which lessens the impact of “Four Princes” and conseuentially makes readers take the book with a grain of salt Again Norwich emphasis the straying from a scholarly route but a bit backing material with less opinion would be welcome On par with this Norwich’s writing style is sometimes too familiar and conversational This will disappoint those readers who enjoy ‘professional’ pieces The chapters within the final uarter of “Four Princes” envelop riveting and lesser known facts than the former chapters which elevates the strength of Norwich’s piece However the authors writing continues to drip with biases and reads like an opinion piece—one filled with many inaccuracies Norwich concludes “Four Princes” rather well with an on point summary that strategically dives into the relations between the figures discussed and therefore somewhat hits his thesis finally that he initially planned However this still isn’t as memorable as one would hope for and doesn’t pack a powerful punch leaving the reader only partially satisfied “Four Princes” includes a very brief bibliography and no ‘Notes’ However Norwich does include a rather gratifying section of full color photo plates Norwich’s “Four Princes” is an ambitious and uniue look at the history of Europe but the execution is sour without direction and lacks the usual pizzazz and pull of similar works Norwich’s writing is jumpy while the content is overly biased and contains errors at least he warns about this “Four Princes” is only recommended for novice readers as those versed on the subject won’t gain any refreshing insight or access to any new facts Simply “Four Princes” doesn’t hold reader attention and needs a strong editor resulting in a weak read that can be skipped


  10. Klaus Klaus says:

    Solid overview of a fascinating period nicely written but sometimes inaccurate


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