[PDF.ePUB.MOBI] Ἰστορίαι Author Herodotus – serv3.3pub.co.uk

[PDF.ePUB.MOBI]  Ἰστορίαι Author Herodotus – serv3.3pub.co.uk [PDF / Epub] ☉ Ἰστορίαι By Herodotus – Serv3.3pub.co.uk Herodotus c480 c425 is 'The Father of History' and his Histories are the first piece of Western historical writing They are also the most entertainingWhy did Pheidippides run the 26 miles and 385 yard Herodotus c c is 'The Father of History' and his Histories are the first piece of Western historical writing They are also the most entertainingWhy did Pheidippides run the miles and yards or kilometres from Marathon to Athens And what did he do when he got there Was the Battle of Salamis fought between sausage sellers Which is the oldest language in the world Why did Leonidas and his Spartans spend the morning before the battle of Thermopylae combing their hair Why did every Babylonian woman have to sit in the Temple of Aphrodite until a man threw a coin into her lap and how long was she likely to sit there And what is the best way to kill a crocodileThis wide ranging history provides the answers to all these fascinating uestions as well as providing many fascinating insights into the Ancient World.

10 thoughts on “Ἰστορίαι

  1. Grace Tjan Grace Tjan says:

    What I learned from this book in no particular order1 Ancient Greeks are uarrelsome and love to waste each other’s city states for the pettiest reasons 2 From all forms of government known to man democracy is the best Tyrants and oligarchs suck3 The Persian Empire is a mighty barbarian nation but being cowardly effeminate and slavish it is eventually defeated by the uarrelsome but brave and civilized Greeks4 Among the Greeks the Spartans are the bravest Gerard Butler with a six pack King Leonidas and his 300 Spartans heroically perished in the battle of Thermopylae They also have the particularly icky custom of marrying their own nieces5 The Delphic oracles are 100% accurate except when someone manages to corrupt the Pythoness The Gods are however a jealous sort and would strike any mortal who has the presumption of calling himself happiest on earth Therefore one should call no man happy until he is dead6 Egypt is a country of wonders but its citizens’ customs and manners are exactly the reverse of the common practice of mankind elsewhere For example the women there urinate standing up while the men sitting down The country also abounds in strange fauna among them the hippopotamus a uadruped cloven footed animal with the mane and tail of a horse huge tusks and a voice like a horse’s neigh 7 The Scythians are a warlike nation that practices human sacrifice The Scythian soldier drinks the blood of the first man that he kills in battle and cuts off all of his enemies’ heads which he must show to the king to get his share of the war booty They also like to saw off their enemies’ skulls which they make into fancy gold plated drinking cups8 The manners of the Androphagi being cannibals are savage than those of any other race Darius the Persian smote them9 The Atarantians alone of all known nations are destitute of names The title of Atarantians is borne by the whole race in common but the men have no particular names of their own They also like to curse the sun because he burns and wastes both their country and themselves10 In the Indian desert live ants that are larger than a fox They like to throw up sand heaps as they burrow which are full of gold This is why India is so rich in gold In Arabia there are sheep that have long tails so long that the shepherds have to make little trucks for their tails ReallyBUT SERIOUSLYHerodotus is a consummate storyteller who had a fine eye for the fantastical although to his credit he always ualified his improbable assertions by stating that they are based on hearsay or other sources that he could not wholly verify Much of the pleasure of reading his book is found in the lush descriptions of long lost nations and their exotic customs His 'Histories' does not concern itself solely with history in the modern sense but it is also a book of travelogue ethnography zoology geography and botany He is an excellent raconteur almost always entertaining except when he drones about speculative geography We can easily imagine him a man of seemingly inexhaustible curiosity interviewing Marathon veterans for firsthand battle accounts or interrogating Egyptian temple priests about their country’s history and religion History for him is not a dry recitation of facts and dates but an intensely human story acted by a vast cast of monarchs ueens warriors tyrants gods and ordinary citizens Regicides and rebellions are caused by personal passions such as in the stories of Caudales and Gyges and Xerxes and Masistes Dreams compel Xerxes to invade Greece Divine intervention decides the course of epic battles A skein of tragedy runs through the historical drama that he narrates The gods are so capricious and jealous that “one should not call a man happy until he is dead” Xerxes on beholding his massive force on the Hellespont laments that “not one will be alive when a hundred years are gone by” Yet while man lives his short existence he is capable of epic deeds and Herodotus chronicled them all

  2. Jan-Maat Jan-Maat says:

    What do Herodotus and Tristram Shandy have in common? Progress through digressionI suppose my first acuaintance with the work of Herodotus was through that technicolor cold war drama The 300 Spartans in which a rampantly heterosexual force of Spartans defends freedom liberty and all that good stuff from allegedly ferocious yet ineffective hordes of freedom hating Persians The appalling appealing simplicity of that film is a grave disservice to the genius of Herodotus – already mauled by Thucydides barely after completing – if complete it is – his surviving workLater I was shocked into actually reading the first half of an old Everyman edition of Herodotus by a National Geographic article but it was only now at an advanced age older uite possibly than many of the protagonists described in the Histories that I have finally read through the complete HerodotusThe conflicts between the Persians and the Greeks culminating in the battles of Marathon Salamis and Plataea form a framework in which Herodotus digresses his way round the Greek world physically view spoilerthe only disappointments are getting to see India summed by by gold digging ants and a contingent of soldiers in Xerxes' army or Europe represented by a story of the silent trade between Carthage and I presume some people in Spain silent because it was carried out by the Carthaginians laying out some trade goods retreating out of sight then the Iberians coming forward and laying out some metal this process continuing until both sides are happy and take what the other has offered similar stories of this style of trade can be found in other parts of the world too hide spoiler

  3. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    Ἰστορίαι The Histories HerodotusThe Histories of Herodotus is the founding work of history in Western literature Written in 440 BC in the Ionic dialect of classical Greek The Histories serves as a record of the ancient traditions politics geography and clashes of various cultures that were known in Western Asia Northern Africa and Greece at that time Although not a fully impartial record it remains one of the West's most important sources regarding these affairs Moreover it established the genre and study of history in the Western world The Histories also stands as one of the first accounts of the rise of the Persian Empire as well as the events and causes of the Greco Persian Wars between the Achaemenid Empire and the Greek city states in the 5th century BC تاریخ نخستین خوانش روز هشتم ماه آگوست سال 1972 میلادیعنوان تاریخ هرودوت؛ نویسنده هرودوت؛ ترجمه به انگلیسی جرج راولین سن؛ تنظیم اج اوانس؛ مترجم غلامعلی وحید مازندرانی؛ تهران، علمی، 1324، در 24 و 211 ص؛ چاپ دیگر تهران، بنگاه ترجمه و نشر، 1360، در هشت و 300 ص؛ موضوع تاریخ هخامنشیان جنگهای ایران و یونان از سده ششم پیش از میلاد تا سده چهارم پیش از میلادیعنوان تواریخ؛ نویسنده هرودوت؛ مترجم غلامعلی وحید مازندرانی؛ تهران، دنیای کتاب؛ 1368؛ در 573 و 4 ص، مصور؛ شابک 9643461637؛ چاپ دوم 1368؛ چاپ سوم 1386؛ چاپ دیگر مشهد، خاتم، 1391؛ 612 ص؛ شابک 9786006153278؛ عنوان تاریخ هرودوت؛ نویسنده هرودوت؛ مترجم مرتضی ثاقب فر؛ تهران، اساطیر، 1389، در دو جلد؛ شابک جلد یک 9789643314699؛ شابک جلد دوم 9789643314705؛شرق شناس پرآوازه، و کاشف خط میخی «هنری راولینسون»، در دوران پادشاهی «محمدشاه قاجار»، مربی نظامی در فوج کرمانشاه بودند، ایشان ضمن خدمت، به کاوش و پژوهش برای کشف رموز خط میخی نیز همت گماشتند، و سرانجام موفق شدند پس از کشف خوانش خط میخی، برادر ایشان «جرج راولینسون»، از آن اکتشاف مهم تاریخی بهره گرفتند، و نخستین ترجمه کامل از «تاریخ هرودوت» به زبان انگلیسی را، با حواشی و توضیح در چهار مجلد، در سال 1858 میلادی منتشر کردند، در سال 1910 میلادی، نسخه ی تازه ای از ترجمه ی مزبور، در دو جلد منتشر شد، در این نسخه بیشتر متن را حفظ، اما حواشی و یادداشتها و مقدمه را، خلاصه کرده بودند، در آغاز جنگ جهانگیر دوم، نسخه ی یک جلدی از ترجمه ی «راولینسون» توسط «اج اوانس» دوباره تلخیص و تنظیم شد، این کتاب برگردان جناب «غ وحید مازندرانی»، از همان نسخه یک جلدی، از زبان انگلیسی میباشد، که نخستین چاپ آن در سال 1324 هجری خورشیدی، توسط انتشارات علمی، در دسترس پژوهشگران قرار گرفته است این فراموشکار نخستین بار متن انگلیسی کتاب را خوانده ام، و سپس بارها و بارها نیز آنرا دوباره خوانده ام، و هربار که فرصتی دست دهد، و حوصله ام برای تاریخ تنگ شود، باز هم تکه ای از متن انگلیسی را میخوانم، کاغذ آن نسخه ی کتاب جیبی این فراموشکار کاهی ست، و صفحاتش زرد شده است و چشمانم حروف انگلیسی ریز را خوب تشخیص نمیدهند، ولی میخوانم، این نوشته ی «هرودوت» شاهکاری ست، که هماره باقی خواهد ماند، تا به آیندگان یاد دهد تاریخ را چگونه بنویسند ا شربیانی

  4. Riku Sayuj Riku Sayuj says:

    Hubris in History A Recurring Terror “The conversion of legend writing into the science of history was not native to the Greek mind it was a fifth century invention and Herodotus was the man who invented it” RG Collingwood The prime subject of The Histories is the twenty years 499 479 BCE of war between Greece and Persia for domination of the Greek world However he intersperses this main narrative with plenty of personal interest stories “wonders” about firsts and bests historical parallels and occasionally his own biased judgements but always making it clear that he is interested only in presenting a viewpoint — he leaves the act of judgement to the reader We can safely say that it was Herodotus who helped create the concept of the discipline of “history” in part by stressing and criticizing his sources and accepted traditions My job is to record what I have been told make of it what you will that is the dominant warning note wherever H’s authorial voice intervenes in the narrative That should be the disclaimer all history books should come withAll the main themes of the book are evident in its beginning and ending in keeping with the circular narratives that H prefers to adopt All the intervening incidents act like reinforcements of the overall thrust inherent in the beginning and endingThe Beginning The Parallel Rise of Freedom EmpireWe begin with an insecure Hellenic world just shaking off the shackles of tyranny and tasting real ambition for the first time Meanwhile in the other end of the world an existing empire is being shaped into a fearsome tyrannical force by the new Persian rulers Soon the Persian empire starts to extend ominously outwards and gobbles up most of the known world This infringes on a core idea of H — the concept of natural limits and over extension Persia is meant to fall “The Small shall become the Big; and the Big shall become the Small”As long as empires are driven by ambition history is doomed to repeat itselfThe gods set limits and do not allow human beings to go beyond them; Herodotus makes it clear that the Persians have to fail in their plan to conuer Greece because they have overreached their natural boundaries Xerxes announces his campaign by telling his advisers that he intends to conuer Greece so that ‘we will make Persian territory end only at the sky’ 78The Middle The Clash of CivilizationsThen we are taken through the many over extensions of the Persian empire under a succession of rulers in Ionia Scythia etc until they are poised to encroach upon the newly non tyrannical Greek world Here we enter the climactic middle of the narrative and is drenched in the details of the gory encounter Many heroes legends and dramatic material is born here and we emerge on the other side with a clear sense that it was Athens without the yoke of tyranny that was able to bring down the fearsome war machine of the Persian empire David has won out against Goliath This is achieved due to much luck and much pluck but in the final analysis H seems to imply that the fault was with the hubris of the PersiansIt needs to be pointed out that H is uite clear that as human beings Persians are on the whole no better and no worse than Greeks Structurally however Xerxes’ great expedition to Greece stands as a monument to the dangerous blindness of massive empires and grandiose thinking—but it is also the backdrop against which H has been able to present to us the Greeks’ love of their homeland their valor against incredible odds and their deep desire to preserve their freedomSo even as this main narrative concludes we are shown what is the inevitable result of Hubris that over extends its own reaches And of how tyranny in any form is not going to triumph over people who have tasted what freedom meansThe Ending A Reenactment of The BeginningHerodotus could have ended there But he doesn’t Instead he takes us to the Ending to rub in the message and to instill that message with its true significance — what is its bearing on the future? For an investigation of History is meaningless unless it can educate us about the future And it is the future that H ironically points to as he takes us through the concluding sections of his HistoriesFor now it is the turn of the Greeks to over extend In the thrill of victory and in the thrall of a thirst for revenge in the spirit of competition with its own neighbors Athens and Sparta launch out on its own imperialistic enterprise to mainland Asia This is to culminate in H’s own day with the Ionians looking upon Athens as the euivalent of a TyrantThe beginning of this period saw the triumph of the Greek mainland states over the might of the Persian Empire first in the initial invasion of 490 and the battle of Marathon and then in the second invasion of 48079 with the battles of Thermopylae Salamis Plataea and finally Mycaleb in Asia MnorThis unexpected victory against what seemed like the mightiest empire on Earth resonated in Greek consciousness through the fifth century and indeed beyond The Greeks in general and the Athenians in particular because they had played the major part in the triumph of “Freedom” saw these victories as a triumph of right over might courage over fear freedom over servitude moderation over arrogance It helped crystallize and reinforce Greeks’ attitudes to their own newfound way of life and values intensified their supreme distrust of monarchy and tyranny and shaped their attitude to the Persians And after what they visualized as the great struggle for freedom the people of Athens entered upon a spectacular era of energy and prosperity one of the great flowering periods of Western civilizationIn practical terms Athens’ naval success in the Persian Wars and its enterprise immediately after led to the creation of the Athenian Empire which started as an anti Persian league and lasted for almost three uarters of a century 479 404H seems to imply that Athens should learn from these investigations of the past see what Tyranny can do see the dangers of over extension understand the need for balance respect certain international boundaries and stay its own overreaching handAnd indeed within fifty years of the Persian defeat the dream had faded and before the end of the century Athens over extended abroad and overconfident at home lay defeated at the mercy of her enemies a Spartan garrison posted on the Acropolis and democracy in ruins Much in the intervening years had been magnificent it is true but so it might have remained if the Athenians had heeded Herodotus He had portrayed the Greek victory as a triumph over the barbarian latent in themselves the hubris that united the invader and the native tyrant as targets of the gods The Persian downfall or at least the defeat of their imperialistic ambition called not only for exultation but for compassion and lasting self controlAs should be uite obvious there is much to learn in this for modern times too but with an added twist For Hubris did not end its romp through history there It took on new wings once history started being recorded Now every new emperor was also competing with history Alexander had to outdo Xerxes Caesar had to outdo Alexander Britain had to outdo Rome Germany had to outdo Britain USA had to outdo Britain etc A never ending arms race with imperial history and the accompanying Hubris that powers itSo Herodotus even as he recorded History so as to blunt its devastating force on the lives of men also unwittingly added new impetus to its influence by adding the new flavor of recorded glory to the existing receptacle of legendary glory Hubris drank it up

  5. Trevor Trevor says:

    The kids bought me this for Christmas and it is a thing of infinite beauty I’ve been meaning to read these histories for years and never uite got around to it I had never realised uite how remarkable this book would beThis version of the book is the third that I now own – I’ve also got a copy of the Penguin Classics and I’ve just finished listening to this as a talking book But I am going to make my way through this book eventually as it is hard to focus on many of the details of the wars and so on without a decent map in front of you to refer to – and this book has lots of maps and drawings and other illustrations although annoyingly no illustration of the Egyptian labyrinth which Herodotus said was even remarkable than the pyramidsAlong the way Herodotus tells some incredible stories Some of them sound like they are straight out of the 1001 nights Others make your jaw drop open There are also discussions of things like what is the source of the Nile that really have whetted my curiosity to read about the 19th century types who finally discovered the source Now why was this such a big uestion in the ancient world? Well the problem was that the Nile seemed to come out of the desert and that isn’t exactly the sort of place where you would expect to find lots and lots of water The winds that came for where the Nile seemed to flow out from were also always hot – and so the idea that perhaps the water in the Nile swelled once a year due to the melting of snow although partly reasonable obviously didn’t seem to make a lot of sense when you thought that the river was coming out of a desert deserts being the natural enemy of snow It really is fascinating listening to Herodotus discussing these speculations about the source of the Nile and the paradoxes such speculations providedIn the immortal words of Bob Dylan “There ain’t no limit to the amount of trouble women bring” There are interesting asides about the Trojan war and how Herodotus speculates that Helen was probably dead by the time of the war started and so when the Greeks asked for the Trojans to hand her over they literally couldn’t He can’t see why else they would have allowed their civilisation to be crushed for the sake of one woman beautiful or not There is a woman who commanded a ship on the side of the Persians there are women who come back as ghosts and complain about being cold which their husband should know as the last time he tried to bake his bread the oven was cold – this would have taken me a while to understand if Herodotus did not explain that the husband had lain with her after she had died But this is not really a history that involves many women – this is a story about blokes doing what blokes like most – killing other blokes All the same my favourite bit of this came uite early in the piece The story of the theft of Rhampsinitos’ treasure I’m going to give you the short McCandless version of this as it really is a wonderful story and I can’t leave this review without talking about itWhen Rhampsinitos an Egyptian king decided to have a place built for his treasure he didn’t know that the builder would put a stone into the works that could be easily removed The builder told his sons about this stone as he lay dying and once the builder had died his sons nipped around to the king’s treasury and helped themselves to the riches inside The king noticed this sudden loss of wealth and set a trap to capture those who were all too freuently popping in and stealing his goodies The trap was uite successful and one of the brothers ended up getting caught He told his other brother to cut off his head so that they wouldn’t both be discovered This his all too obliging brother did The king then had a body without a head in his treasury but still had no idea how anyone could get into the treasury room without breaking any of the seals on the locksSo he had the body of the thief hung up and guarded so that whoever cried in front of it would be brought before him The thief who had cut off his brother’s head was then told by his mother that he had better do something to rescue his brother’s body or else all hell would break lose He came up with a plan to get the guards drunk and to steal the body which he did and also shaved half of their beards off to make sure they uite understood how stupid they had been made to look The king was needless to say bloody furious I did mention this reminded me of the 1001 nights yeah? Anyway the king then decides to get his daughter to work in a brothel but before she sleeps with anyone she is to ask them what is the worst thing they have ever done and if any of them say anything like they cut off their brother’s head and stole his body from the king’s guards she is to grab hold of him and call for the police or whatever the Egyptian euivalent was at the time The thief decides to play along and goes to the brothel with the severed arm of a freshly dead corpse under his jumper When he tells the king’s daughter about his exploits she makes a grab for him and he holds out the dead man’s arm which she holds onto while the thief cleverly makes his escape The king is so impressed with this man’s exploits that he begs him to come forward and receive a reward which he does and ends up getting to marry the king’s daughter – I assume the daughter he gets to marry is the prostitute mentioned earlier but I guess no one actually ever called her that to her faceThe best bit of this is that it shows something Herodotus does the whole way through these histories He will be telling one of these stories and suddenly they will start to become completely unbelievable and he will say “of course I don’t believe this stuff for a minute but this is the story I was told in Egypt and what would you have me do? I have to tell you what I was told”The other story that held me enthralled was of the self mutilation of Zopyros – honestly this is utterly remarkable It is worth reading the book just for this story aloneThere are lots of occasions where fathers are forced to do horrible things to their sons – my favourite is the story of a king who punishes one of his advisors by feeding him his son as the meat portion of a feast The king then leaves this advisor in a position where he can revenge himself on the king You know if I was to feed someone their own child I would probably kill him straight away afterwards – call me overly cautious but I’ve a sneaking suspicion that the person who has feed you the flesh of one of your kids is never going to be one of you best friends ever again no matter what else they do for you This book is fantastic and the Landmark edition is like its name implies really something special

  6. Smiley Smiley says:

    I think I would like to invite my Goodreads friends to browse any Book you like then take heart to start with Book I as the inception of the whole inuiry unthinkable to those Greek scholars at that time but Herodotus could make it and you cannot help admiring him when you read his famous preamble Herodotus of Halicarnassus here displays his inuiry so that human achievements may not become forgotten in time and great and marvellous deeds some displayed by Greeks some by barbarians may not be without their glory; and especially to show why the two people fought each other p 4 This preamble I think in the 1970 edition may entice you as wellHERODOTUS of Halicarnassus his Researches are here set down to preserve the memory of the past by putting on record the astonishing achievements both of our own and of other peoples; and particularly to show how they came into conflict p 41Moreover the one in this 1988 edition published by the University of Chicago Press is also interestingI Herodotus of Harlicarnassus am here setting forth my history that time may not draw the color from what man has brought into being nor those great and wonderful deeds manifested by both Greeks and barbarians fail of their report and together with all this the reason why they fought one another p 33First of all don't be intimidated by its length that is 543 pages in the 1996 Penguin edition please find any translation you're familiar with its style or wording then keep reading a few pages once in a while don't hope to finish it in a few daysweeks since it's one of the masterpieces in ancient history you need time to think take notes and ask yourself whySecondly this is definitely his magnum opus for posterity of all nations to read reflect and interpret in terms of reciprocal toleration as fellow human beings so that we learn not to make unthinkable mistakes again In many engagements there you can witness various unimaginably ruthless deeds instigated by the powers that be fate and godlike valour of those true Greek and Persian soldiers Those fallen heroes including all innumerable soldiers killed in various battles deserve our respect with awe admiration and gratitude as our exemplary models of humankindAnd finally scholars should honour and keep him in mind since Cicero called him 'the father of history' and we can enjoy reading his second to none narrative However some chapters might not be interesting when he sometime told us about the florafauna seemingly unrelated to the looming hostilities I take them as relaxing moments and we can learn from what he told us frankly and good hudly Those ruthless war scenes for instance from Chapter 20 onwards in Book IX are amazingly described to the extent that we can visualize such ruthless gory scenes with increasingly stupefying horror in which it is hopelessly put into wordsThat's it and I think I would reread the University of Chicago version for solace and advice in there whenever I'm free from work It'd teach us of course to mind our own business be kind have mercy towards our fellow colleagues friends cousins etc since we all have limited time to live on earthNote In fact I have another Penguin copy with its front cover showing a painted vase depicting two soldiers in action Persian vs Greek not this one so the page numbers as mentioned above may vary Therefore I've reposted my review since I don't know how to return to its previous book cover

  7. Brian Brian says:

    It wasn't just Vollmann's fourth reference to Herodotus in a span of 20 pages in Rising Up and Rising Down it was the reality and shame that I'm in my 40s and the most I know about the war between Persia and the Hellenic city states is what I learned from the movie 300 Thus The HistoriesFirst I can't imagine what it would have been like reading these nine books by Herodotus in any format other than this simply amazingly researched and presented volume The Landmark has to be the final word on Herodotus the maps the footnotes the appendices indices forwards and notes it is an astounding collection created for the layperson like me to approach a subject that is seemingly dry and yawn worthy But The Histories is anything but boring At times even page turning jaw dropping awesome When you say to your partner Honey listen to this and then uote Herodotus you know something amazing has happenedHerodotus does than just recount tales of war he goes to great lengths to describe the culture and the history of dozens of the denizens in his world An astounding undertaking in any age made even incredible given that this was written 600 BCE His even handed histories and details of Persia a nation looking to conuer and subjugate his own is an astounding feat of scholarship and academia even before those words had meaningI was so impressed with The Landmark that I purchased their publications on Thucydides and Xenophon By the time I've finished both of those I'll be able to play horseshit bingo the next time I watch 300

  8. Jonfaith Jonfaith says:

    Accordingly the Psylli took counsel among themselves and by common consent made war upon the southwind so at least the Libyans say I do but repeat their words they went forth and reached the desert; but there the south wind rose and buried them under heaps of sand whereupon the Psylli being destroyed their lands passed to the NasamoniansI read most of this edition as opposed to the Landmark picking up donated food for our residential component It is a strange time Therefore it was perhaps appropriate that I sat in the back of van engrossed in this tome Vacant streets signifying something amiss My only contact on many of these sojourns was the sudden appearance of masked figures bringing out cases of produce and other foodstuffs I believe my foundations for approaching this were typical largely The English Patient and Persian Fire Tom Holland's book on Thermopylae Coincidentally I became aware that Holland himself had translated the Histories and I admit I find that prospect intriguing Despite the attempts at objectivity it is the personalities which I find fascinating Xerxes and Leonidas are voices for the ages however apocryphal

  9. Clif Hostetler Clif Hostetler says:

    One of the surprising things about this book is that despite its antiuity the author’s personality comes through Of course I’m hearing his voice through translation but I couldn’t help but imagine that I was on the listening end of an extended conversation with the book’s narrator who had traveled widely met many people and read much The book’s narrative sounds almost conversational with numerous digressions and detours that indicate extensive knowledge of the background of the characters and incidents being described I almost feel like I’ve met the author who lived nearly 25 thousand years agoThis book is generally recognized as the founding work of history in Wester literature Published around 425 BC the year the author died it recounts the traditions politics geography and wars of that era The actual writing of the work had probably stretched over a number of prior years The work is divided into nine books beginning with founding myths and Trojan War and proceeding through Greek history until the second Persian invasionIt’s interesting to note that the second Persian invasion occurred approximately fifty five years prior to the publishing of this account Those intervening years were the zenith of the golden years of Ancient Greece during which Athens dominated over the other Greek city states However the beginning rebellions of what later became known as the Peloponnesian War 431 BC – 404 BC were underway LINK to my review of History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides LINK to my review of Herodotus The Father of History by Elizabeth Vandiver 24 lecturesPostscript added Sept 24 2019 One story told by Herodotus I found of particular interest—he reported being told of a Phoenician ship that circumnavigated around Africa aka Libya in Herodotus’ era This would have occurred about 2000 years prior to Vasco da Gama I was amazed to learn this but Herodotus referenced the incident only as a reason for concluding that Africa was a smaller continent than Europe Herodotus said the Phoenicians reported that the sun passed to the north of the ship while they were in the southern part of Africa—Herodotus believed this to be impossible Ironically Herodotus referenced the report of a northern sun as a reason for doubting to whole story whereas today we recognize it as a reason to conclude that the reported circumnavigation to be credible

  10. John Conquest John Conquest says:

    What I read Histories by HerodotusWhat I expected Thucydides PersiansWhat I got Mountable battle dolphinsThe complete discography of Kid RockEyewitness testimony that Ethiopians produce pitch black semen no homoOur flying snakes will block out the sunOn all levels except physical I am a Mede Whips the seaHerodotus can I borrow 100000 Persians? 1000000 Persians? What do you need 5000000 Persians for?The Virgin Greek pederasty the Chad Persian piss fetish

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